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Bulgaria SHIPKA 2 Shipka Pass (el. 1150 m./3820 ft.) is a scenic mountain pass through the Balkan Mountains in Bulgaria. During the Russo-Turkish War in 1877 and 1878, Shipka Pass was the scene of a series of conflicts collectively named the Battle of Shipka Pass (fought between the Russian Empire, aided by Bulgarian volunteers, and the Ottoman Empire for control over the vital Shipka Pass during the Russo-Turkish War. The Memorial Temple of the Birth of Christ, better known as the Shipka Memorial Church or Shipka Monastery is a Bulgarian Orthodox church dedicated to the Russian, Ukrainian and Bulgarian soldiers that died for the liberation of Bulgaria in the Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78. Built near the town of Shipka in Stara Planina between 1885 and 1902, under the direction of architect Alexander Pomerantsev, initially the entire monastery was Russian property, but in 1934 it was granted by the Soviet government of Bulgaria for eternal times The temple has a central dome surrounded by 4 smaller domes The church’s exterior is stunning, especially experienced in its remote and isolated mountain setting, while the interior is decorated with gilded ornamentation and intricate paintings. The idea to found the monastery began with the Russian diplomat Count Ignatiev and Olga Skobeleva, the mother of the Russian hero from the war - Major General Michael Skobelev. Funds for construction were donated by the Russian people. On the sanctuary walls and in the outer galleries 34 marble plaques are listing the names of officers and volunteers who died during the RussoTurkish war. Overall 18,491 people are memorialized at Shipka The Church officially opened on the 25th anniversary of the Battle of Shipka Pass, with the names of fallen soldiers inscribed on walls within and their remains held in stone sarcophagi in the church’s crypt. There are 12 sarcophagi in the crypt. The bones of nearly 9,000 Russian and Bulgarian soldiers who died during the war for the liberation of Bulgaria from the Ottoman occupation were buried there Count Ignatiev proposed to dedicate the church “to the Birth of Christ, since major combats between the Russian and Turkish armies took place... during the Birth of Christ holiday, near the Shipka village The church has a cruciform dome, a rectilinear nave, and three apses Until 2005, Shipka was subordinate not to the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, which it currently belongs to, but to the Russian Church To manufacture crosses, bells and the iconostasis, Count Ignatiev enlisted the services of the best Russian artisans — all craftsmen, bricklayers and carpenters were brought from Russia The carved gilded main iconostasis made of lime wood was designed by Alexander Pomerantsev, and its icons, on cypress boards, were made by craftsmen from the Russian St. Panteleimon church on Mount Athos; some icons were donations from Russia. The altar crucifixes, the Gospel, holy vessels, service books, chandeliers and other church paraphernalia were bought in Russia thanks to contributions from the Committee and private persons On the magnificent iconostasis with exquisite carvings, there are 83 built-in icons, made by monks from the Russian monastery located in Mount Athos During the lighting ceremony at the Memorial Church, the church received a donation of valuable icons, ancient religious books, manuscripts and valuable relics By 1902, the church already had a home for the clergy, a seminary, a hospital, and a home for teachers In the Church there are holy relics of many saints including the holy relics of Saint Alexander Nevski The northern aisle of the church is dedicatedto St. Nicholas the Miracle Worker, the southern aisle, to St. Alexander Nevsky The temple is architectural masterpiece, with typical Russian construction details were shaped, four side dome 33 meters in height, has a central 42 m, with crosses placed over them. The murals were created only in the mid-20th century The painting of the temple is done in two stages, is initiated by the Russian artist P.Myasoedov professor in 1902 and it ends only 1959 (team led by painter N.Rostovtsev). The murals not only depict biblical scenes, and canonized by the Orthodox Church, but also Russian and Bulgarian celebrities, among them images of the brothers Cyril and Methodius. Some wonderful frescoes depicting scenes from Russian history Under the church has built a crypt. The crypt of the church has been turned into a bone-house containing 17 marble sarcophagi arranged in two galleries. Text and pictures: Internet All copyrights belong to their respective owners Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound: Megaloschemos II (Bulgarian Orthodox Hymn) 2021 http://ma-planete.com/michaelasanda 1 1 Viena ria Bulga l Istanbu 2 2 Viena l Istanbu ria 5 6 Munich Bulga ia ve n Slo Click 1 a a Shipk Bulgari

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